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Perchloric acid

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Perchloric acid

Molecular formula: HClO4 CAS# 7601-90-3
Categories: Inorganic acids
Names
English:
Acide perchlorique
Hydronium perchlorate
Hyperchloric acid
Perchloric acid(IUPAC)(CAS)
acido perclorico
Русский:
Хлорная кислота(IUPAC)
German:
Chlor(VII)-säure
Hydrogen-tetraoxochlorat(−I)
Perchlorsäure
Überchlorsäure
French:
Clorato (VII) de oxigeno
acide perchlorique(IUPAC)
perchlorate d'hydrogène
Ácido perclórico
Italiano:
Acido perclorico
acido tetraossoclorico (VII)(IUPAC)
日本語:
過塩素酸
中文:
高氯酸

Variants of the formula:

HClO4
H(+1)Cl(+7)O(-2)4
O//Cl<_(A75,N2)O>\O`\`|O/H
O_(A-15,N2)Cl<_(A100,N2)O>\O`\`|OH
$dots(LTlDl)O=Cl<||$dots(LdDRd)O><`||$dots(LtTRt)O>-$dots(TD)O-H
Elemental composition
Can't show the diagram.
Symbol Element Atomic weight Number of atoms Mass percent

Reactions in which Perchloric acid is involved

  • {M}OH + H{X} -> {M}{X} + H2O , where M = Li Na K Rb Cs; X = F Cl Br I NO3 CN IO3 BrO4 ClO4 N3 [AuCl4] ClO2
  • {M}2O + 2H{X} = 2{M}{X} + H2O , where M = Li Na K Rb Cs; X = F Cl Br I NO3 CN IO3 ClO4 BrO4
  • NH3 + H{X} -> NH4{X} , where X = F Cl Br I NO3 ClO3 ClO4 N3
  • Na2MoO4 + H2O + 2HClO4 -> MoO3 * 2H2O + 2NaClO4
  • NaClO4 + H2SO4 = HClO4 + NaHSO4